Facebook owner Meta has been fined a record 1.2 billion euros ($1.3bn) for transferring EU user data to the United States, Ireland’s regulator says.

The Irish Data Protection Commission (DPC), which acts on behalf of the European Union, said on Monday that the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) ordered it to collect “an administrative fine”.

In response, Meta said it was “disappointed to have been singled out”, and the ruling was “flawed, unjustified and sets a dangerous precedent for the countless other companies”.

This is the largest fine imposed under the General Data Protection Regulation. In 2021, Amazon was fined 746m euros in Luxembourg for breaching the bloc’s data protection laws.

Initially, Ireland’s DPC had wanted to force Meta to suspend the offending data transfers, saying a fine “would exceed the extent of powers that could be described as being ‘appropriate, proportionate and necessary’”.

But its peer regulators in the EU, known as Concerned Supervisory Authorities (CSAs), disagreed.

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